Yoga philosophy leads to a systematic approach to human health and wellbeing. The four chapters of the Yogasutras comprehensively deal with physical, emotional and spiritual wellbeing. Yoga psychology differs radically from more recent, and especially post-Freudian schools of thought in its stress on self-emancipation rather than on self-acceptance. According to Patanjali thoughts, feelings, intentions, motives and desires (conscious and unconscious) are mental modifications (citta vrttis). Transcending the mental modifications enables the luminance of Purusa in its aloneness.The eightfold yoga is one of the significant steps Patanjali recommends for the restraint of mind-modifications. The eightfold yoga includes physical, mental, ethical and spiritual practices that will lead to total health and wellbeing. It is also interesting to note that Patanjali is able to see human mind from an inclusive context and that too situated in a sociocultural context. This is evident from his discussion on conflicts and negative attitudes of mind and how they can be removed by attitudinal changes. Patanjali’s yoga is interested in changing people’s lives and attitudes in order to gain mental refinement, and via mental refinement to spiritual realisation.