Several discussions on mind-brain focus on the neural progress (incase of dysfunctions) achieved by augmenting general wellbeing, identity corrections etc. In Indian psychology (apart from the darsana tradition, to this repository would belong the healing systems, folk traditions, traditional knowledge systems etc.) the three ideas that we see discussed in very many ways is the nature, function and placement of reason, emotion and their mutual influence. Various aspects of these two ideas, epistemological as well as therapeutic, are discussed in a larger context of personal wellbeing.
The psychology of Self-knowledge is central to Indian discourse. The difficult task in understanding the psychological significance of Self-knowledge is to avoid cognitive reduction of something basic to our identity, and at the same time relating it to a world of experiences and responses. The usual casualty in therapeutic quest, or search for transcendence, happens to progress in thinking and conceptualizing, and spontaneity in responding because of concluded thinking and division of experience into ‘ordinary’ and ‘transcendental’. The notion of personal growth is mostly ruled by the idea that change has to happen to states of minds in a (abstract) transcendental and other-worldly manner.
On the contrary, if we examine the traditional knowledge systems, philosophical discourse, psychological techniques etc. we find that transformation and evolution of consciousness imply basic attitudinal and self-identity changes and shifts. The concept of healing thus, in Indian psychology, is not just a solution to a problem but a state of perfection aimed for by one and all. The Bhakti traditions are exemplars in redefining spiritual uplift by connecting it to self-transformation and enrichment of positive emotions.